Morale, success, and triumph. This is the story of pulled-up-by-the-bootstraps America, a nation with many formally distinct subsets. So why does everyone tell the same narrative?
This series is part of my capstone project for a Bachelor of Arts at Minerva Schools at KGI. Thanks to Professor Grace Woods-Puckett, my advisor, to Mika Lanir, and Anda Yoshina for their invaluable feedback, and to my mom and dad for patiently listening to my rants, and feeding me while my brain is on intellectual adventures of its own.
Thanks to Nikesh Shrestha for helping me manage social media and other things I don’t understand.
Special thanks to Anda, Izzy Rousmaniere, Marlette Sandoval, Hana McMahon-Cole, Coby Andersson, and Meredith Ramba for agreeing to be interviewed for this episode and turning off their ACs for the benefit of my microphone. Also thanks to Benjamin Chen, Eric Lin, and Trent Hommeyer for lending their voices to the Great Men of the Past.
The United States National Anthem: “Star-Spangled Banner”
Throughline from NPR examines the dubious and fascinating changes of perception Americans have had of their own nation as affected by wars, territorial acquisitions, and politically driven national narratives, as well as how that has manifested in the music of and about the nation, names, and labels.
Throughline again takes a closer look at the some of the most impactful American anthems out there, and what effects they have had on the nation itself.
“About the Signers of the Declaration of Independence.” Constitution Facts – Official U.S. Constitution Website. Accessed December 9, 2019. https://www.constitutionfacts.com/us-declaration-of-independence/about-the-signers/.
Amadeo, Kimberly. “What Happened During the Great Depression?” The Balance. The Balance, November 29, 2019. https://www.thebalance.com/the-great-depression-of-1929-3306033.
Berkin, Carol. “Examining Reconstruction.” History Now. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, 2019. https://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-now?destination=node/79103.
Herbold, Hilary. “Never a Level Playing Field: Blacks and the GI Bill.” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, December 31, 1994, 104–8. http://ccl.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ccl.idm.oclc.org/docview/89307388?accountid=10141.
Higgs, Robert. “Government and the Economy since World War II.” Government and the Economy since World War II. Oakland, CA: The Independent Institute, 2005.
Kertscher, Tom. “Fact-Check: They Signed the Declaration of Independence – but Nearly Three-Quarters Also Owned Slaves.” Chicago Sun-Times, September 10, 2019. https://chicago.suntimes.com/2019/9/10/20859458/fact-check-declaration-independence-slaves-trumbull-painting-arlen-parsa.
Marwick, Arthur. “The Cultural Revolution of the Long Sixties: Voices of Reaction, Protest, and Permeation.” The International History Review 27, no. 4 (December 2005): 780–806. https://www-jstor-org.ccl.idm.oclc.org/stable/40109676?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents.
Officer, Lawrence, and Samuel H Williamson. “The Antebellum Slave Trade: Numbers and Impact on the Balance of Payments.” The Antebellum Slave Trade: Numbers and Impact on the Balance of Payments. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago, 2013.
“Research Starters: The Draft and World War II: The National WWII Museum: New Orleans.” The National WWII Museum | New Orleans, n.d.. https://www.nationalww2museum.org/students-teachers/student-resources/research-starters/draft-and-wwii.
Sawchuk, Stephen. “How History Class Divides Us.” Education Week 38, no. 10 (October 23, 2018): 12–15. https://www.edweek.org/ew/projects/how-history-class-divides-us.html.
September 1, 1945: Announcing the Surrender of Japan. September 1, 1945: Announcing the Surrender of Japan. Miller Center, n.d. https://millercenter.org/the-presidency/presidential-speeches/september-1-1945-announcing-surrender-japan.
Shuster, Kate. “Teaching Hard History: American Slavery.” Teaching Hard History: American Slavery. Southern Poverty Law Center, 2018. https://www.splcenter.org/20180131/teaching-hard-history.
“The Declaration of Independence: Full Text.” UShistory.org. Independence Hall Association. Accessed December 9, 2019. https://www.ushistory.org/declaration/document/.
The United States. Elementary And Secondary Education Act of 1965 : H. R. 2362, 89th Cong., 1st Sess., Public Law 89-10. Reports, Bills, Debate, and Act. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1965.
“What Are the State’s Course Requirements for High School Graduation?” High School Graduation Requirements. Education Commission of the States, February 2019. https://c0arw235.caspio.com/dp/b7f930000e16e10a822c47b3baa2.
Woods, Gordon S. The Creation of the American Republic, 1776-1787. Chapel Hill, NC: Omohundro Institute and University of North Carolina Press, 1969.
Xiang, Lin. “Post-Sixties Narratives in Contemporary American Cultural Criticism.” Comparative Literature: East & West 2, no. 2 (2018): 110–23. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/25723618.2018.1545882.
Anda Yoshina, interview by Klara Eriksson, Buenos Aires, April 4, 2019.
Coby Anderson, telephone conversation with Klara Eriksson, April 11, 2019.
Hana McMahon-Cole, interview by Klara Eriksson, Buenos Aires, April 2, 2019.
Isabel Rousmaniere, interview by Klara Eriksson, Buenos Aires, April 12, 2019.
Marlette Sandoval, interview by Klara Eriksson, Buenos Aires, February 1, 2019.
Meredith Ramba, interview by Klara Eriksson, Buenos Aires, April 10, 2019.
Music and Videos
Andrews Sisters Brasil. “The Andrews Sisters – Any Bonds Today? (1941).” YouTube video, 2:17. Jul 28, 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XV2hNaPNFIM.
CNN. “Trump’s July 4th speech heavy on history and military praise.” YouTube video, 10:30. Jul 4, 2019. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hhr4DyUXxk0.
Cody Fry, “Peace Like A River,” Peace Like A River, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/peace-like-a-river/16423.
Culture Vannin. “Mera Royle: ‘Auldyn River’.” YouTube video, 3:33. Aug 22, 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wt0WWPwruZA.
David A. Molina, “Origin,” Origin, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/origin/33389.
PeriscopeFilm. “Crusaders of the Sky – World War I 22660.” YouTube video, 10:02. Aug 9, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M4UU2mECcJM&list=PLqqqqZrD37h52u18MJYiSZWCCCyAg9vLH&index=2.
PeriscopeFilm. “SERVICE WITH THE COLORS – 1940 U.S. Army Recruiting Film 2649.” YouTube video, 20:38. Nov 2, 2012. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ErGPOGRBT-c&feature=youtu.be&t=40.
Shawn Williams, “Amber Light,” Amber Light, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/amber-light/38068.
SullenToys.com. “Martin Luther King – I Have A Dream Speech – August 28, 1963.” YouTube video, 17:28. Jan 20, 2011. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smEqnnklfYs&feature=youtu.be&t=144.
Summer Kennedy, “Oh My My – Instrumental,” The Bright Side, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/oh-my-my-instrumental/33070.
TheSpearshaker1776. “American Revolutionary War Ballad: Free America.” YouTube video, 2:22. Feb 20, 2011. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O8Q5ZwBgGaA&feature=youtu.be&t=19.
TheLBJLibrary. “Signing of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, 4/11/65.” YouTube video, 6:46. Aug 30, 2012. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O8Q5ZwBgGaA&feature=youtu.be&t=19.
Tony Anderson, “Hope,” Hope, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/hope/3997.
Tony Anderson, “Nocturne in Paris,” Chasm, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/nocturne-in-paris/33972.
VintageMusicFm. “Connie Boswell & Bing Crosby – Alexander´s Ragtime Band.” YouTube video, 2:39. Nov 20, 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQvSSvb4MbM.
West Point Band. “Patriotic Medley | West Point Band Bicentennial.” YouTube video, 7:33. Jun 29, 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjT2gDnaaGc.