Episode 3: Sweden – the Hero

If a national narrative is imagined and constructed, then someone must have created it? In this episode, we look at some of the guys who were at the center of it all, as well as asks where on earth this whole Viking thing came from.

This series is part of my capstone project for a Bachelor of Arts at Minerva Schools at KGI. Thanks to Professor Grace Woods-Puckett, my advisor, to Anda Yoshina and Mika Lanir for their valuable feedback, and to my sibling Eli Eriksson for helping me with ideation and support.

Thanks to my Journalism class for reading through and really pushing me to make this episode the best it could be.

Thanks to Oskar Ehrnberg for agreeing to be interviewed, and for my dad, Per-Erik Eriksson and Teodor Westermark Fellenius for sending me recordings from across the world. 

Special thanks to The Real Group and Anders Edenroth who let me use their recording of “Sverige” to introduce this whole thing. Tack, Anders!


These guys are SO 2019. Or more like 1866.
Featured: A Viking, Gustav Vasa, Castle of Three Crowns, and Stockholm Bloodbath.
Image credits: Klara Eriksson.
What’s the deal with national narratives? And where on earth did this whole Viking thing come from?
Featured: Klara with invisible Viking gear.
Image credits: Klara Eriksson.

The Geatish Society (1811-1844)

Featured Members from the society which created one of the first versions of the Swedish national narrative.

Erik Gustaf Geijer (i.e. Einar Tambaskskälfver) 1783–1847.
Esaias Tegnér (i.e. Bodwar Bjarke) 1782-1846.
Jakob Adlerbeth (i.e. Rolf) 1785-1844.
Arvid August Afzelius (i.e. Arngrimur) 1785-1871.


Vikingen by Erik Gustaf Geijer (1810).

Du Gamla Du Fria by Richard Dybeck (1844).



“Adlerbeth.”  In Nordisk Familjebok. 1st ed. Stockholm: Gernandts boktryckeri-aktiebolag, 1876: p. 145. http://runeberg.org/nfaa/0081.html  

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Revised Edition. London: Verso, 2006. https://www-fulcrum-org.ccl.idm.oclc.org/concern/monographs/jd472w57m

Andrén, Carl-Gustaf. Steriliseringsfrågan i Sverige 1935 – 1975 Historisk belysning – Kartläggning – Intervjuer (2000). https://www.regeringen.se/49b6c6/contentassets/68b217b7f8e746a799536f3ad851c05e/steriliseringsfragan-i-sverige-1935—1975

Billig, Michael. Banal Nationalism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 1995.

Bhabha, Homi K. “Introduction.” In Nation & Narration, edited by Homi K. Bhabha, 1-7. London: Routledge, 1990. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9780203388341 

Broberg, Gunnar. Statlig Rasforskning: En Historik Över Rasbiologiska Institutet. 2nd ed. Lund: Ugglan, 2002.

Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Commemorative Edition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Enefalk, Hanna. “En Patriotisk Drömvärld: Musik, Nationalism Och Genus under Det Långa 1800-Talet.” En Patriotisk Drömvärld: Musik, Nationalism Och Genus under Det Långa 1800-Talet. Dissertation, Studia Historica Upsaliensia, 2008. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:172481/FULLTEXT01.pdf

Geijers, Erik G. “Vikingen.” In Dikter, 8–11. Stockholm: Atlantis, 1999.

“Götiska Förbundet.”  In Nordisk Familjebok. 1st ed. Stockholm: Gernandts boktryckeri-aktiebolag, 1883. http://runeberg.org/nfaf/0218.html 

Kitromilides, Paschalis M. Enlightenment and Revolution: the Making of Modern Greece. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ccl.idm.oclc.org/ehost/ebookviewer/ebook?sid=e1f2d2bc-f6c2-48ff-bc0d-2e17606b2bad@sessionmgr101&vid=0&format=EB

Pikkarainen, Heidi, and Björn Brodin. “Diskriminering Av Samer – Samers Rättigheter Ur Ett Diskrimineringsperspektiv.” Stockholm: DO, 2008. https://www.do.se/globalassets/publikationer/rapport-diskriminering-av-samer.pdf

Ringbom, Nina. “Svenska Krig 1521-1814.” Historiesajten, October 18, 2004. https://historiesajten.se/krig.asp?sortering=fran

Tegnér, Esaias. Samlade Skrifter: Andra Delen 1808-1816. Edited by Ewert Wrangel and Fredrik Böök. Stockholm: P. A. Nordstedt & Söners Förlag, 1919. 

Tengner, Onni. “Högre Utbildning Och Forskning 1945–2005 – En Översikt.” Stockholm: Högskoleverket, 2006. https://www.uka.se/download/18.12f25798156a345894e28c0/1487841897908/0603R.pdf

Warg, Mattias. “Erövringar Inom Egna Gränser Ideologiska Rötter till Svensk Neutralitet.” Scandia 81, no. 1 (June 7, 2016): 62–92. https://journals.lub.lu.se/scandia/article/view/15861/14347


Oskar Ehrnberg, telephone conversation with Klara Eriksson, June 10, 2019.

Music and Videos

Astyria, “Hold Your Breath,” Astyria, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/hold-your-breath/38213

Christiaan Janssens. “Ludwig van Beethoven Für Elise Bagatelle in A minor opus 59.” YouTube video, 2:12. Nov 30, 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ad1Wpy1sd6U&t=22s

Der Wikinger. “Medieval War Drums 2.” YouTube video, 1:10. Oct 19, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OcH88pWXXx0

DN Anthems. “National Anthem of Sweden – Du gamla, du fria.” YouTube video, 1:57. Jan 9, 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WXOKRaoBNRA

Emelie Waldken. “Klinten (schottis) – nyckelharpa – Emelie Waldken.” YouTube video, 1:48. Jun 28, 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bk7qO-cCYZ8

José da Vēde • Composer. “Last Stand – Epic Drums – Intense War Battle Chase Copyright Free.” YouTube video, 1:55. Oct 29, 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R50n0I8b4O8&t=3s

Kammertone. “Gee – Smooth Jazz | royalty free music.” YouTube video, 2:48. Nov 22, 2012. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KeD33eft2Do

Luke Atencio, “We Move The Same,” Voom, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/we-move-the-same/8741

Makeup and Vanity Set, “Discovery,” Overpass, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/discovery/38543

Makeup and Vanity Set, “The Garden,” Trackless, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/the-garden/29675

Matthew Strong. “Helan Gaw With Text Matthew Weddings.” YouTube video, 0:26. Aug 22, 2008. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XOmrJk3M6HQ

Max LL, “Adagio No. 2,” Orchestral Works, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/adagio-no-2/27577

Roary, “Beacon,” Beacon, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/beacon/36843

Ryan Taubert, “Fable,” Fable, Musicbed, online. https://www.musicbed.com/songs/fable/32168

Surreal Sound Systems. “Legacy Of Assassins – “Valhalla” – Assassin’s Creed Fan Film (Viking Age).” YouTube video, 8:25. Nov 24, 2019. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OY1kuhwK3NE

The Real Group, “Sverige.” 2002. Track 6 on Stämning. The Real Group Records, 2015, compact disc.

Travelfilmarchive. “Scandanavia: Norway, Sweden and Denmark (1962).” YouTube video, 21:29. May 19, 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5emacWWH3dc

Ungsvenskarna. “Tobias Andersson håller tal på Young Independence-kongress.” YouTube video, 14:36. Aug 11, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-hlyKRzIHQ&feature=youtu.be

VintageMusicFm. “Connie Boswell & Bing Crosby – Alexander´s Ragtime Band.” YouTube video, 2:39. Nov 20, 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQvSSvb4MbM

Vox Tremula. “Vox Tremula – Vincenzo Ruffo, La Danza.” YouTube video, 3:03. May 20, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JLybELFLC5I&t=30s

1 comment

  1. AffiliateLabz

    Great content! Super high-quality! Keep it up! 🙂

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